A study in the Journal of Youth and Adolescence found that sixth- and ninth-grade students with stronger self-reported positive family relationships had a higher likelihood of considering aggressive behaviors and retaliation unacceptable and were more likely to intervene, while those who reported feeling discriminated against or excluded by peers and teachers had reduced odds of defending bullying victims. Sixth-graders were more likely to intervene than ninth-graders, the study found.
Definition: Teen dating violence is a pattern of controlling behavior exhibited towards one teenager by another in a dating relationship. There are three major types of teen dating violence:
- Physical abuse – hitting, punching, slapping, shoving, kicking
- Emotional abuse – threats, name calling, screaming, yelling, ridiculing, spreading rumors, isolation, intimidation, stalking, and, more recently, using technology to harass or intimidate by texting, calling, and/or bullying or monitoring via social networking sites
- Sexual abuse – unwanted touching or kissing, forced or coerced engagement in sexual acts
Magnitude of the Problem: According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 9% of high school students reported that they had been purposely physically hurt by a dating partner in the past year (CDC – 2011 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance questionnaire). A survey of adult victims of dating violence found that nearly 1 in 5 women and nearly 1 in 7 men first experienced partner violence between the ages of 11 and 17 (CDC, 2012 National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey).